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Calculate the total glucose infusion rate from up to three concentrations of dextrose.
This calculation is a simple conversion of units (into mg/kg/min):
|GIR =||IV Rate (mL/hr) * Dextrose Conc (g/dL) * 1000 (mg/g)|
|Weight (kg) * 60 (min/hr) * 100 (mL/dL)|
where the dextrose concentration is expressed as a whole number, e.g. 5 or 10.
A GIR of 5-8 mg/kg/min is typical. Infants who are not feeding should not be allowed a rate less than 5 mg/kg/min for any significant period of time. The GIR needed to optimize nutrition in neonates is 14 mg/kg/min.
Revised: July 13, 2010